Senin, 17 November 2014

The Development of Religious Education Policy After the Release of the the Law of Republic of Indonesia number 32, year 2004 on local Governance in Pasuruan Regency

The Development of Religious Education Policy After the Release of the the Law of Republic of Indonesia number 32, year 2004 on local Governance in Pasuruan Regency

Abstract
The implementation of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 32, year 2004 on Local Goverment effects on the autonomy of Education. In relation with this law, the District/city goverment should decide the education policy that is adjusted to the new paradigm of education management included the future education . The autonomy of education is meant as the given large and real authority on the education that must professionally guarantee in formulating the plan of education cooperatively by including all of the available potential. In this case, local autonomy is the aothority of the local goverment to regulate and manage the society needs based on the own local iniciative and the society aspiration.
Based on the mentioned potencial above, Pasuruan Regency Goverment, finally, released the policy through Regent Regulation number 13, year 2001 on the work Arrangement Organization of Education service in which it accomodates the education of religion in PERGURAG. It is the only education policy in Pasuruan Regency that is not applied in other regencies in the area of East Java.
This research on the policy of the development on the education of religion after the Law number 32 year 2004 on the Local Goverment in Pasuruan Regency formulated the reseach problems as follows : (1) How is the interpretation and the formulation of policy maker in Pasuruan Regency to the Law Number 32 year 2004 on the Local Goverment connected to the policy of the development of religious education. (2) How is the implementation of the Law number 32 year 2004 on the local goverment connected to the application of the policy on the religious education development in Pasuruan Regency. (3) Is there the synchronization of local regulations (Regent Regulation number 13 year 2001 on the work Arrangement Organization of Boars of Education to the Law number 32 year 2004 connected to the policy on the religious education development in Pasuruan Regency.
This research is a case study that applied qualitative research approach. The main data was collected by doing the depth interview, then it was supported by doing the documentation study and the participation observation. Besides, the data analysis was countinously done from the activities of colllected data to the activities of writing reseach report, as part of triangulation process.
The result of the research showed, (1) the interpretation and the formulation of the policy makers in Pasuruan Regency to the Law number 32 year 2004 on the local goverment ,connected with the policy of the religious education development - after implementing the Law number 32 year 2004 on local government the Education service Pasuruan got more additional budged (estimate calculation) than gotten budged of other departements in the area of Pasuruan Regency. Even, in responding the implementation of the Law Number 32 year 2004, The local goverment of Pasuruan Regency released the local regulation (perda) or specific decision the Regent Regulation number 13 year 2001 on the work Arrangement Organization of Education service in which states about subdin PERGURAG that supervices religious education (RA BA TA, MI,MTs, MA, MADIN-PONTREN) to be used to implement the content of mentioned law. (2) The implementation of the Law number 32 year 2004 on the local goverment is effectively, effeciently and transparently done through the improvement of the quality of educational service management in the Education service Pasuruan (3) There is syncronization between the Regent Regulation number 13 year 2001 on the work Arrangement Organization of Education service and the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 32, year 2004 on Local Goverment.

Furthermore, some suggestions are offered by the researcher, they are (1) the decision makers in Pasuruan Regency , both the Regent and the house of people’s representatives, should improve the comitment of developing education in Pasuruan Regency especialy the development of religious education. Besides, the regent and the house of people’s representatives should directly participate in the process of formulating, implementing, and evaluating public policy in education field, through which the objective of the education in Pasuruan Regency will come true. (2) The head of the education service Pasuruan should (a) organize stuctural function and functional duty appropriately to minimize the jobless. (b) improve his competancy in the field educational policy. (c) maximize the function of dewan pendidikan , investigate the implementation of religious education policy though Litbang (d) maximize the coordination and the consultation on the field of education with local goverment (e) give fully authority to schools in impllementing the teaching and learning process. (3). The Head Masters are expected to improve their competency in constructing the short term, middle term, and long term school program. Besides, they are also expected to be able to maximize the function of school comittee in improving the teachers’ competency. (4) other researchers are able to investigate kind of this research in other settings.

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