Selasa, 09 Desember 2014

pengertian hortatory exposition text dan contoh

Pengertian Hortatory Exposition Text lengkap Plus contoh Setelah kita membahas tuntas mengenai Analytical Exposition Text, belajar bahasa Inggris pada kesempatan kali ini kita akan membahas tuntas mengenai Hortatory Exposition. Semoga bermanfaat A. Pengertian Hortatory Exposition Text Seperti halnya Analytical Exposition, Hortatory Exposition adalah jenis teks bahasa Inggris yang tergolong ke dalam kelas Argumentation. Hortatory Exposition adalah sebuah jenis teks bahasa Inggris yang mana menghadirkan usaha penulis memengaruhi pembaca untuk melakukan sesuatu atau bertindak dalam hal tertentu. Dalam Hortatory Exposition, penulis mencantumkan beberapa pendapat mengenai hal tertentu untuk memperkuat ide pokok dari teks tersebut. Berbeda dengan Analytical Exposition, Hortatory Exposition menghadirkan Recommendation sebagai paragraf penutup dari sebuah Hortatory Exposition Text. Dalam Recommendation ini, penulis berusaha mengajak dan membujuk pembaca untuk melakukan sesuatu. Hal ini jauh berbeda dengan Analytical Exposition yang mana menempatkan Reiteration atau penulisan kembali ide pokok sebuah teks sebagai penutup tanpa adanya ajakan atau bujuakan kepada pembaca. B. Tujuan Hortatory Exposition Text Berbeda dengan Analytical Exposition Text yang tujuannya memaparkan dan memengaruhi pembaca bahwa kejadian yang di ceritakan itu penting, pada Hortatory Expostion Text tujuan umumnya adalah memaparkan dan memengaruhi pembaca bahwa seharusnya demikian dan seharusnya tidak demikian. C. Struktur Kebahasaan Hortatory Exposition Text Ada tiga bagian dari struktur atau pola kalimat dalam Hortatory Exposition Text, yaitu: 1. Thesis Thesis berisi tentang pengenalan ide pokok penulis tentang suatu gejala atau kejadian yang akan diangkat atau dibahas. 2. Arguments Arguments berisi tentang pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung ide pokok penulis. Semakin banyak pendapat yang penulis tuliskan, semakin menarik sebuah Hortatory Exposition Text itu, karena pembaca cenderung percaya terhadap suatu peristiwa jika terdapat banyak pendapat yang mendukung di dalamnya. 3. Recommendation Recommendation berisi tentang rekomendasi atau ajakan penulis terhadap pembaca. D. Ciri Kebahasaan Hortatory Exposition Text Di bawah ini adalah ciri kebahasaan yang terdapat pada Hortatory Exposition Text, yaitu: Menggunakan simple present tense Menggunakan temporal conectives; firstly, secondly, thirdly, etc. Menggunakan evaluative words; importanly, valuablly, trustworthly, etc. E. Contoh Hortatory Exposition Text Di bawah ini, saya sertakan contoh HortatoryEexposition Text sebagai berikut::: Corruption Thesis Do you know what the meaning of corruption is? What is the relation between money and corruption? Well, corruption is common everywhere in the world, even in the United States. It’s just a matter of intensity. However, it is quite shocking when one reliable survey claims Jakarta as the most corrupt place in Indonesia. Argument 1 The survey has made me sad, actually, because I stay and earn a living here in the capital. As most people know, Tanjung Priok port smuggling is not a new thing at all. Entrepreneurs who want to minimize their tax payments tend to do such a thing more often. They even bribe the officials. Argument 2 Well, I think the measures taken so far to overcome the problem by punishing the corruptors is still not far enough. We have to prevent the younger generations from getting a bad mentality caused by corruption. Recommendation I believe we should start at the earliest stages in school and I think everyone should be involved in the effort to eradicate corruption. We must not make any distinction. Where should be after High School? The National examination result will be publicly enounced in next short time. Euphoria will flood for those who get success. In the other hand, It will be sorry to hear that there are some of them do not succeed in their national final examination. For those who succeed soon will think to decide; where will they be after graduating high school? Actually it will be easy to decide for those has been arranged and thought earlier but for those have not planed yet, it will be quite confusing. Continuing study or looking for work is the primary choice among them. When they think about continuing study, they will think hard about the time and cost. How long the higher study will last? And how high is about the cost. In the same way, when they think about straightly seeking job, what skill and competence they have got is a big matter of questioning. So, doing both choices in the same time is an alternative. Continuing study as well as seeking job is possibly done but it will be hard for them. Conventionally studying in the university needs much time to spend especially in the first year. It is true because they have to do and adapt a lot of things in their new higher school. it will be very hard to looking for job. Therefore it should come to their mind of continuing studying at higher school from their own home. As result, the available time will be more flexible for them. Then it will be very possible to seek job and get the appropriate one. This type of studying is publicly known as distance learning. As the alternative method of studying, besides the conventional studying which students and the lecturer have to meet in the fixed time and place regularly, distance learning provides possibility to grow better. Possibly working and studying surely will create high quality graduate. Distance learning should appear as a considerable choice for them. “Watching Kids While Browsing Internet” Internet is one of important devices in student world. We can find many internet cafes anywhere. Actually, many houses have internet connection. As parents, we must know what our children are browsing in internet, because many programs have negative impacts to our children. In our observation, in internet have positive impact, for example : student can find their task in internet, and we can find update information or news when browsing internet. Internet also have negative impact if the parents don’t watch their children when browsing internet. The children can open many program or website that have negative impact, for example, they can open pornography site, game online and the other programs that can make their mark go down in the school. And too much browsing internet can endanger their eyes. Based on fact above, we have some tips to protect our children: ◊ Don’t put PC and modem set in your kids bedroom ◊ Make a schedule for browsing internet to our children. ◊ Review the history when your children finished browsing internet. ◊ Use filter’s program to negative site in your PC. Contoh lain Hortatory Text “Water Makes Beautiful “ As we know that so much water in the world. There are many kinds of water that we can consume every day all time. Consuming water can be made as therapy of disease, because water that we consume with enough amounts and the right method can purify of poisons in our body. The therapy of water can save water availability in the body. Therapy of water can keep the beauty too. Skins is the out part of the body that has contact with dirty air, sun light and pollutions. To keep the skin elasticity,water is needed in the enough amounts. Water can dampen of skin until not easy to dry and make crimp. To keep the balancing of size body, water is needed. In fact, water can increase the metabolism and pressing of eat desire. Consume a lot of watercan filtrate much calories. So, let’s consume water everyday at least eight glasses to keep our healthy and beauty. But, the water must be clean and hygiene. Find, buy and consume the best mineral water! More Dust Bins is Cleaner To improve comfort and cleanliness at the school, there should be an increasing number of dust bins. When we look at classroom, school corridors and schoolyard, there papers, mineral water cops, straws, and napkin everywhere. The condition of unseemliness really hinders learning and teaching environment. They can be filled out with water coming from the rain. This can be placed formosquito to spread out. Anyway I notice that most of the students have responsibilities for their school environment. They put their litter on the proper place but some of them are not diligent enough to find the dust bins. The numbers of the dust bins in the school are not enough. More dust bins should be put beside each step, outside of the classrooms and some along of the corridors. Probably one dust bin should be in every ten meters. So when students want to throw away their litters, they can find the dust bins easily. When school is equipped with sufficient dust bins, students do not have problem of discomfort any more. So provide more dust bins and school will be very clean and become a very nice place to study. Example of Hortatory Exposition in Watching TV Watch your Kids While Watching TV Television becomes one of the most important devices which takes place in almost houses. It can unite all members of the family as well as separate them. However, is it important to know what your kids are watching? The answer is, of course, absolutely “Yes” and that should be done by all parents. Television can expose things you have tried to protect the children from, especially violence, pornography, consumerism and so on. Recently, a study demonstrated that spending too much time on watching TV during the day or at bedtime often cause bed-time disruption, stress, and short sleep duration. Another research found that there is a significant relationshipbetween the amount of time spent for watching televisionduring adolescence and early adulthood, and the possibility of being aggressive. Meanwhile, many studies have identified a relationshipbetween kids who watch TV a lot and being inactive and overweight. Considering some facts mentioning above, protect your children with the following tips: Limit television viewing to one-two hours each day Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their own bedrooms Review the rating of TV shows which your children watch Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening in the show Let’s Make City Clean and Fresh Let’s Make City Clean and Fresh A clean and fresh city will surely make the inhabitants healthy. Every morningespecially in dry season, all roads must be watered with clean water and swept by the workers of the regionalgovernment under the Major’s instruction. To keep the people from heavy pollution caused by cars, trucks andmotorcycles, enough trees must be planted along all roads. Every building or house in the city must be surrounded short and small trees which bear colorful flower. Bad and improper habits which cause disadvantages, bad smell and dangerous diseases to people such as smoking and throwing rubbish anywhere should be stopped at once. The major of each city will have to think over the way how to educate people, so that they realize on how important cleanliness and health are for their own sake. Building more public lavatories at every busy place is very badly needed. It will be wise if the Major decides a certain amount of fine to be paid by those who disobey the government regulation on cleanliness matter. A man who urinate not at lavatory, smoke not at smoking room or throw rubbish at the roads should be fined for instance. Besides dirtying the environment with cigarettes’ butts, smoking will also cause pollution and lungs disease to other people. So bad habits and impolite attitude should be immediately stopped, otherwise the city will be dirty, unhealthy badly polluted and will never attract foreign or domestic tourist. Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on motorcycle when they are riding without usinghelmet. Mostly the riders badly end up in mess. Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which reduces the negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the correct helmet can save a rider’s life, physical ability, family pain, and money. The recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can providetotal protection. They not only protect riders from getting a worse road injured accident but also from flying bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other potential projectiles. Second, wearing a helmet can gives the raiders a matter of style. Helmets give the opportunity for rider to express the image they may want to project when riding on they way. This benefit may not be important to some people, but to others, it means a lot and important. By choosing the most appropriatehelmet from all of the various styles, such as beanie, shorty, German, and many others, wearing a helmet which can projecting an image is an inherent crucial part of motorcycling and help riders feel more confident when riding on the road. However, what most important is wearing helmet when riding is a matter of using it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their head. It is really not good if they places simply the helmets on the head without settling them properly. The bikers should fasten the helmet correctly to their head in order to get safe and comfort. Let’s Make Campaign Of Reading Reading habit is poor among Indonesians because most people haven’t realized the importance of reading Reading is important to transform knowledge and technology. By reading, one knows the world. He or she will understand what he doesn’t see by himself or herself. The lines of the paragraphs in an article contain pieces of knowledge. The knowledge is needed to improve the quality of human’s life. Technology transformation from other country can only be done by reading a lot various sources of literature. Valuable books in libraries and bookstores mean nothing if they are not read. Realizing the importance of reading will make someone motivated to read. When we know that something is very important because it can give us valuable information, we will try to get or do the thing. For example, a businessman who always follows latest information or news, will know what to do in his/ her business. He will make a good decision to make a transaction. Most people in all developed countries have realized the importance or reading andthey have good reading habits. In bus and train stations, vehicles, waiting rooms, parks, people like reading. They enjoy reading which gives them valuable knowledge and inspiration. A good understanding toward the importance of reading can be achieved by well organized and effective campaign. To plant an understanding in a generation’s minds is not an easy job. It needs a hard work from all components of the nation, especially the government. A serious campaign which is organized by the central and local government can help common people wake up and stand to face the real competition. The campaign can be done through various kinds of mass media such as TV, radio, booklets, bulletins, newspapers, magazines. It can also be conducted by teachers, parents and all people who care. Therefore, a nation-wide effective campaign of the importance of reading by all components of the nation should be done, facilitated by the government, to face the tighter competition. The world has forced globalization. Those people with little knowledge will be left behind. To speed up the better change in this country, a good reading habit is really important. 1. Kegiatan Awal a. Greeting b. Checking students attendance c. Reviewing the previous lesson d. Stating a topic of the lesson e. Explaining the objectives of the lesson f. Explaining the benefits of the lesson 2. Kegiatan Inti Tahap Kegiatan Guru Kegiatan Siswa Planning Membimbing siswa untuk memilih dan menentukan topik, membatasi topik, dan menuliskan topic sentence atau thesis Memilih dan menentukan topik text yang akan dibahas Outlining Meminta siswa untuk menuliskan pointer-pointer isi informasi yang dapat mengembangkan topik Mengidentifikasi dan menuliskan pointer-pointer isi informasi yang dapat mengembangkan topik Drafting Memfasilitasi siswa untuk mengembangkan setiap pointer informasi menjadi kalimat atau paragraph Mengembangan setiap pointer informasi yang sudah diidentifikasi menjadi kalimat atau paragraf Editing Meminta siswa menilai draf yang telah dibuatnya, kemudian melakukan revisi atau editing agar draf tersebut menjadi lebih baik. Revisi meliputi isi, organisasi, grammar, vocabulary, spelling, dan lain sebagainya. Menilai sendiri draf yang telah dibuat, kemudian melakukan revisi atau editing terhadap draf tersebut supaya menjadi lebih baik. Rewriting Meminta siswa menuliskan kembali draf yang telah direvisi. Ini menjadi produk atau tulisan akhir siswa Menuliskan kembali draf yang sudah direvisi menjadi tulisan akhir siswa. 3. Kegiatan Akhir a. Summarizing the lesson b. Doing reflection c. Preparing the forthcoming topic/lesson d. Leave taking H. Alat Bantu/Media Pembelajaran Alat bantu pembelajaan yang digunakan dalam pembelajaran ini adalah Laptop/notebook, LCD projector, dan screen. I. Sumber Pembelajaran 1. Sudarwati, Th., M. Dan Grace, Eudia. 2005. Look Ahead: An English Course. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga. 2. Authentic text tentang descriptive yang diambil dari internet J. Penilaian 1. Jenis Penilaian : Sumatif 2. Teknik Penilaian: Unjuk kerja (performance) 3. Alat Penilaian : Terlampir (lampiran 2) 4. Kunci Jawaban : Terlampir (lampiran 2) 4. Rubrik Penilaian : Terlampir (lampiran 2) Rubrik Penilaian a. Pedoman penilaian No Writing Element Range Score Maximum Score 1 Content 1-20 20 2 Organization 1-20 20 3 Grammar 1-20 20 4 Vocabulary 1-20 20 5 Mechanics 1-20 20 Total Score 100 b. Kriteria penilaian Kurang = 5 Cukup = 10 Baik = 15 Sangat Baik = 20 c. Contoh penilaian 1). Angga mendapat nilai 70 Dengan penjabaran nilai Content = 10, Organization = 20, Grammar = 10, Vocabulary = 10, Mechanics = 20 2). Desi mendapat nilai 85 Dengan penjabaran nilai Content = 15, organization = 20, Grammar = 15, Vocabulary = 15, Mechanics = 20 About these ads

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